HISTORY OF UN-DIVIDED DISTRICT MUZAFFARNAGAR
(Muzaffarnagar and SHAMLI)
is located at northern part of Uttar Pradesh.
Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar forms a portion of division
Saharanpur, and situated in the DOAB of the Ganges and the Jamuna, between the districts
of Meerut on the South and Saharanpur on the North. On the west, the Jamuna separates it
from the Panipat
and Thaneswar tahsil of the Karnal
district of Haryana; and on the east the river Ganges forms the boundary between this
district and the Bijnor tahsil of the district of same name. It is roughly rectangular in
shape, lying between north latitude 29º 11' 30'' and 29º 45' 15" and east
longitude 77º 3' 45" and 78º 7'. The greatest length of district from east to west
is sixty-one miles, and its greatest breadth from north to south thirty-six miles. The
average length and breadths are about fifty-three and thirty-one miles, respectively. The
total area in 1901 amounted to 1,963,662 acres, or 1,662 square miles and in 2000
amounted to 4049 square k.m.. The district is well connected by road and railway network.
National Higway-58 passes through
Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar city. Upper Ganga & Lower Yamuna canal
lie in this district.
In pages of history and revenue records SARVAT
was known as pargana which was given as JAGIR to one of the chieftains named SAIYED
MUZAFFARKHAN by emperor SHAHJHAN. He founded the city of
Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar in 1633 with lands
of KHERA & SUJRU. His project was completed by his son MUNAWAR LASHKAR KHAN who in
turn named the city after his father MUZAFFARKHAN.
But recent finding of archeological site at
village MANDI (Tehsil SADAR) in west of river KALI takes the roots of district
Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar to HARAPPAN civilization. Hordes of gold ring like objects and other
precious stones prove that the site was the part of mature HARAPPAN culture and also
important center of trade during ancient times. More excavations are being carried out by
Archeological Survey of India and in near future better picture will emerge from these
Proximity with HASTINAPUR and KURUKSHEHTRA
indicates that this district was hub of activities during the MAHABHARAT era. With
exceptions of few findings of GREECO-ROMAN coins, there is hardly any direct mention of
the region for a long period of time. But with strategic location of MUZAFFAR NAGAR, it
can be safely presumed that there were a lot of political as well as economic activities
here. RAJPUTS, TAGAS and BRAHMINS dominated the area according to C.H.NEVILLE, I.C.S. in
his compilation of Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar Gazetteer. Later JATS replaced the TAGAS.
Persian literature has mention of the place
during TIMUR's invasion of India. A large number of Hindus gathered at BHOKAR HERI on the
banks of river GANGA to resist his armies according to TIMUR. But unorganized Hindu force
were defeated by him in year 1399.
Tomb of wife of Sayed Munawar Lashkar Khan
S/O Sayed Muzaffar Khan(founder of the district)
Later on this district was adopted by the
SAIYEDS of different clans. During Mughal period this area became a favorite resort of
royal nobles of Mughal court and many of them obtained JAGIRS here.
The history of BARHA SAIYEDS is intimately
connected with this district. But the derivation of word BARHA is very uncertain. The
TIHANPURI SAIYEDS, JAGNERI SAIYEDS ,CHATTAURI family and the KUNDLIWAL family were famous
families of Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar. In later part of Mughal era famous SAIYED brothers HASAN and
ABDULLA became KING MAKERS. The period of 1707 to 1720 was their prime time. But after
fall of SAIYED brothers the political scenario changed and Un-Divided
Muzaffarnagar was plundered by
SIKHS and other adventurers. Soon the British established themselves in India and 1826
Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar became a revenue district of EAST INDIA COMPANY regime.
During the first struggle for freedom in 1857 a
lot of action was in the District. MOHAR SINGH of Shamli and SAIYED-PATHANS of Thanabhawan
fought against the British and captured the Tehsil of Shamli. But later on the British
army showed its brutality and recaptured the area. A lot of freedom fighters were done to
death by them and this attempt was failed. After that attempts the course of Indian
National Movement changed and the Indian National Congress came to the fore. The educated
elite took the path of peaceful constitutional methods. On the 6th of April, 1919 a office
of Indian National Congers was opened in Un-Divided
Muzaffarnagar under the leader ship of Dr.BABU
RAM GARG, Mr.UGAR SEN and Mr. KESHAV GUPTA etc. The district became hot bed of
freedom struggle and was frequented by national leaders like Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya,
Mahatama Gandhi, Motilal Nehru, Sarojini Naidu, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose,
Pt. G.B.Pant etc. Freedom struggle in Un-Divided
Muzaffarnagar was guided by the national movement in
India. A lot of police atrocities took place in the district. Many freedom fighters
were put in the jail on fabricated charges; but they refused to be cowed down. On May-8 in
1940 SHUGAN CHANDRA MAZDOOR, CHANDER SEN and RAMJI LAL captured the district collector's
chambers. The quit India movement of 1942 saw lots of activities in
Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar also.
Mr. HARDAM SINGH of BHERA THRU made the declaration of Independence . Lot of students of
the district went to jails. But their enthusiasm was not weakened. by the police torture.
Mr. KESHAV GUPTA"S RESIDENCE was the venue of the flag hoisting ceremony on the day
of independence when India had "TRYST WITH DESTINY'.
Pt. SUNDER LAL, LALA HARDAYAL, SHANTI NARAYAN
of Khatauli are some of the most famous names of intellectuals who were related to
national movement. Apart from them there is an unending list of the persons who sacrificed
their lives during the freedom struggle.
LIYAKAT ALI KHAN the first prime Minister
of PAKISTAN was from Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar. Thus we have tried to scan through the historical out
lines of the district. From the period of HARRAPAN culture to present day
has been full of activities and always in the news.
SOURCE - GAZETTIER
OF DISTRICT Un-Divided Muzaffarnagar